# Difference between permutation and combination:

**Permutation and combination** are mathematical techniques that deal with arranging and selecting elements from a set. They find applications in various fields, including statistics, probability, and computer science. While **permutation and combination** are concepts involve arranging elements, they are distinct in their approach and purpose. here we will explain the difference between permutation and combination.

## Comparing Permutations and Combinations:

The key distinction between **permutations and combinations** lies in their treatment of order. Permutations consider order, meaning that ABC and BAC would be considered different permutations. On the other hand, combinations disregard order, treating **AB** and **BA** as the same combination.

## Permutations and Combinations in Probability:

**Permutations and combinations** play a crucial role in **probability** theory. When dealing with probability, permutations are used when order matters, such as when drawing cards from a deck. Combinations are employed when order does not matter, like selecting a committee from a group of people.

## Permutation and combination formula:

**Permutation and combination** are fundamental concepts in **mathematics** that offer powerful tools for analyzing and solving various problems involving arrangements and selections.

**Permutation Formula:**

**n! / (n - r)!**

**Where:**

**n!** represents the factorial of n, which is the product of all positive integers up to **n**.**(n - r)!** represents the factorial of **n - r**, which is the product of all positive integers up to** n - r**.

**For example**, if you have a set of **5** distinct books and want to arrange **3** of them on a shelf, the permutation formula would be:

**5! / (5 - 3)! = 5! / 2! = (5 * 4 * 3 * 2 * 1) / (2 * 1) = 60**

There are **60** different ways to arrange **3** books out of **5** on the shelf.

**Combination Formula**

**n! / (r! * (n - r)!)**

**Where:**

**n! **represents the factorial of **n,** which is the product of all positive integers up to **n**.**r! **represents the factorial of** r,** which is the product of all positive integers up to** r**.**(n - r)! **represents the factorial of** n - r**, which is the product of all positive integers up to **n - r.**

**For example**, if you have a group of **8 **people and want to form a committee of **4** members, the combination formula would be:

**8! / (4! * (8 - 4)!) = (8 * 7 * 6 * 5) / (4 * 3 * 2 * 1) = 70**

There are 70 different combinations of forming a committee of 4 members from a group of 8 people.

Related: you can also chek **Combination Calculator:**

**permutations and combinations** are essential tools for solving problems that involve arranging and selecting elements. The **permutation formula** calculates arrangements with specific order, while the **combination formula** calculates selections without order consideration

## permutation and combination examples:

**Permutation and combination** are two intriguing mathematical concepts that often spark curiosity due to their real-world applicability. In this section, we'll explore several examples of permutations and combinations to shed light on their distinctive applications and help solidify your understanding.

**Example: Picking Team Captains**

Consider a class of **15** students, from which you need to choose **2** team captains. The order in which you select the captains doesn't matter, making this a combination scenario. Using the combination formula with n as the total number of students **(15) **and r as the number of captains you want to choose **(2)**, you would calculate:

**15! / (2! * (15 - 2)!) = (15 * 14) / (2 * 1) = 105**

There are **105** different combinations for selecting** 2** team captains from the class.

**Example : Creating Passwords with Repeated Digits**

Let's modify the password scenario slightly. Suppose you're creating a **3-digit** numeric password, and each digit can be from **0 to 9**, with repetition allowed. This time, since repetition is permitted, you're dealing with permutations. Using the permutation formula with n representing the possible digits **(10)** and **r** as the number of digits in the password **(3)**, you would calculate:

**10! / (10 - 3)! = 10! / 7! = 10 * 9 * 8 = 720**

There are 720 possible permutations for the 3-digit password with repeated digits.

**Example : Password Possibilities**

Suppose you're creating a **4-digit** numeric password, and each digit can be from **0 to 9.** This situation involves permutations because changing the order of the digits results in a different password. Using the **permutation formula**, with n representing the possible digits **(10)** and **r** as the number of digits in the password **(4)**, you would calculate:

**10! / (10 - 4)! = 10! / 6! = 10 * 9 * 8 * 7 = 5040**

There are 5040 possible permutations for the 4-digit password.

**Example : Drawing Playing Cards**

Consider drawing **3 **playing cards from a standard deck of **52** cards. Here, you're dealing with combinations, as the order of drawing doesn't impact the result. Using the **combination formula**, with n as the total number of cards **(52)** and r as the number of cards drawn **(3)**, you would calculate:

**52! / (3! * (52 - 3)!) = (52 * 51 * 50) / (3 * 2 * 1) = 22100**

There are 22,100 different combinations for drawing 3 cards from the deck.

## Conclusion:

**Permutation and combination** are versatile **mathematical tool**s that find applications in a wide range of scenarios. By understanding whether order matters and selecting the appropriate formula, you can tackle problems involving arranging and selecting elements with confidence. Whether it's arranging books, forming committees, creating passwords, drawing cards, or distributing gifts, permutations and combinations provide valuable insights into the possibilities and combinations of outcomes....

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